Turkish Cypriot vote crucial to peace process May 5, 2010Posted by Yilan in Cyprus, Turkey.
Tags: Kibris, Turkey
Turkish Cypriots vote in an election today that diplomats fear could see the chances of a peace deal on the ethnically-split island receding and further hamper Turkey’s efforts to join the European Union.
Following is a timeline of key events in Cypriot history since independence:
1960 — Britain grants independence to Cyprus under a power-sharing constitution between Turkish and Greek Cypriots, holding intervention rights over the island along with Turkey and Greece.
1963/1964 — Power-sharing crumbles amid fighting. A government is formed without Turkish Cypriots and is recognized worldwide as only legitimate authority on island. UN peacekeeping force (UNFICYP) established.
1974 — Military junta in Greece backs July coup against President Archbishop Makarios. Five days later Turkish troops invade Cyprus.
— Turkey and Greece come close to war. The coup quickly collapses, as does the Athens junta. Turkish forces occupy the northern third of the island.
1983 — Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash declares a breakaway state in northern Cyprus. Only Turkey recognises it.
1996 — Two Greek Cypriot civilians are killed in separate demonstrations along the UN-controlled ceasefire line in the worst outbreak of violence since 1974.
2002 — UN presents a peace plan for Cyprus calling for broad power-sharing and a return of territory to Greek Cypriots.
2003 — Turkish Cypriot side authorises opening checkpoint along the ceasefire line for day trips.
April 24, 2004 — Greek Cypriots reject UN power-sharing plan in referendum. Turkish Cypriots, under new leadership of Mehmet Ali Talat, accept it.
May 1 — Cyprus joins the European Union, still divided.
October 4, 2005 —Turkey starts EU entry negotiations. Cyprus says Turkey must open its ports and airports to Cypriot traffic.
February 24, 2008 — Greek Cypriot communist party leader Demetris Christofias wins presidential election and agrees to revive reunification efforts.
April 3 — Greek and Turkish Cypriots pull down barricades that have separated them in the capital Nicosia for half a century.
September 3 — Greek and Turkish leaders launch direct peace negotiations.
April 19, 2009 —Turkish Cypriot hardliners sweep to victory in parliamentary elections, suggesting a fall in popularity for Talat, whose presidential term ends in April 2010.
October 13 — Greek and Turkish Cypriot sides cancel annual rival war games to avoid disrupting talks.
November 4 — UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon says Cyprus talks are making “good progress”.
March 30, 2010 — In their last encounter before Turkish Cypriot election, Talat and Christofias say peace talks have made important progress. — Reuters